The Japanese asplenium nidus fern is a great plant to have in your home. It is easy to maintain and can be grown indoors or outdoors. However, Japanese asplenium nidus ferns do not tolerate neglect well so you must keep them happy! In this article, we will discuss the Japanese asplenium nidus fern’s history, what it is, how to care for it properly, and some common problems you may encounter with your Japanese asplenium nidus fern.
What is a Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern?
Japanese asplenium nidus fern, also called Japanese spleenwort, Crispy Wave Fern or Japanese walking fern, is a species of plant in the family Aspleniaceae. It has thick, glossy leaves that grow flat on the ground and can be up to 2 feet long. They are usually brownish-green with light green veins but may vary depending on location and conditions. This plant is also known to be a Japanese bird’s nest fern.
Japanese asplenium nidus ferns are native to Asia but have been introduced throughout North America and Europe where they thrive in moist soils under dense canopy covers like trees or shrubs.
Origins of Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern
The Japanese asplenium nidus fern sometimes referred to as the Japanese sword fern or Japanese maidenhair is a delicate plant that thrives in humid habitats and moist soils.
It was first discovered in Japan by botanist Dr. Thomas henry barton back in 1856 and was given its Japanese name by him.
It is classified as a member of the genus asplenium, or spleenwort, which includes three other species found only in japan: A. japonicum, A. wendlandii and A. yakusimanum–all with different leaf shapes and sizes.
The Japanese asplenium nidus fern requires almost constant moisture to thrive, which makes it difficult to grow indoors or outdoors in hot climates where the rainfall is scarce. This does not mean Japanese asplenium nidus fern cannot be cultivated outside.
Maps of where Japanese asplenium nidus fern locations are:
Japan’s main island Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu – temperate climate zone (further subdivided into low mountain range zone, high mountain range zone,) lowland zone, mid-lowland zone and high floodplain/coastal region).
Taiwan – subtropical climate zone with a rainy season from May to September.
Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern Care Guide
The Japanese asplenium nidus fern is a delicate, yet elegant plant that can be found in a variety of different shapes and sizes. They are known to come in many colours, such as green, red, and white! These plants need proper care if you want them to live for an extended period of time. Read on to learn about asplenium care.
Japanese asplenium nidus ferns need a place to grow. This can be done in pots or garden beds, but they do require soil that is moist and fertile. The best way to do this is by using a potting mix for your Japanese asplenium nidus fern plant. You want the soil mixture to be about one-third sand and two-thirds potting mix.
It should have an inch of soil layered over the top of it to provide adequate drainage for when rain is present in your area. If you are outside around this time, ensure that water doesn’t pool on the Japanese asplenium nidus fern plant.
Due to Japanese asplenium nidus ferns natural affinity towards moist conditions, it is best for the Japanese asplenium nidus spores to be planted in a soil mixture that encourages moisture retention and provides support for fragile roots. A good planting medium would be 50% peat moss and 25% perlite, with the Japanese asplenium nidus spores planted on top.
When the Japanese asplenium nidus fern is young, it needs a lot of light. Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern is a light-loving plant. They require about four to five hours of sunlight per day, so make sure that they have plenty of natural lighting in their new home.
It is important to water your Japanese asplenium nidus fern once a day )depending on the environment), but it can also be watered twice if necessary. When Japanese asplenium nidus fern does not get enough water, it will start to droop and the leaves will turn brown or yellow. The Japanese asplenium nidus fern should also be watered during the winter months when there is little rainfall.
Mature Japanese asplenium nidus fern needs a lot of water, so Japanese asplenium nidus fern must be misted regularly. It is important to not let Japanese asplenium nidus fern sit in the water and get soggy because this will cause root rot to occur.
If there’s not enough light or Japanese asplenium nidus is too cold, watering may need to occur more often.
The temperature should be between 60-72 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperature can fluctuate 15 degrees, but Japanese asplenium nidus fern prefers a more constant temperature.
If the temperature is too low Japanese asplenium nidus fern will turn brown and die back; if it’s too high Japanese asplenium nidus fern will turn brown and become droopy.
It will be more comfortable if it is kept at a moderate temperature year-round.
The Japanese asplenium nidus fern is a tropical plant that requires warm, humid conditions. It’s important to maintain the humidity around this type of plant by misting it daily and keeping it in an area with high relative humidity levels. You can also place moss or sphagnum on top of the Japanese asplenium nidus fern to help maintain the humidity.
The Japanese asplenium nidus fern thrives in humid environments, so humidity should be maintained between 40-60%. If the Japanese asplenium nidus is too dry they will begin to lose their colour; if it’s too moist Japanese asplenium nidus fern will rot and die.
Asplenium nidus crispy wave should be fertilised once a month to help maintain healthy growth.
Fertilisers are designed for different types of plants and you want one that is suited to the Japanese asplenium genus. A general-purpose, water-soluble fertilizer will do just fine because this type of Japanese asplenium nidus fern is not a heavy feeder.
Fertilise the Japanese asplenium nidus with one tablespoon of fertilizer for each gallon (or litre) of water at a time. Mix the fertiliser in well and then pour it over the Japanese asplenium from the top.
Do not fertilise the Japanese asplenium nidus fern if it is still in a pot with soil, because over-fertilising can lead to runoff and kill other plants nearby. Fertilize only when Japanese asplenium are potted in moss or sphagnum for a long-term display.
Mature Japanese asplenium nidus fern also needs to be fertilized twice a month with an acidic fertilizer.
Fertilizer should always go on Japanese asplenium nidus fern’s soil, never directly on the Japanese asplenium nidus fern itself because Japanese asplenium nidus fern’s leaves will burn and Japanese asplenium nidus fern can’t be fertilized through its leaves.
Toxicity is one of the common Japanese asplenium nidus fern problems. Japanese asplenium Nidus Fern tannins, found in the leaves and stalks can cause skin irritation when touched or eaten. It’s not uncommon for humans to react adversely to this contact with the Japanese asplenium nidus fern.
Japanese asplenium Nidus Fern leaves emit a milky white sap when Japanese asplenium nidus fern is injured, so be careful not to break Japanese asplenium nidus fern while handling it! Many people experience rashes and blisters after coming into contact with the Japanese asplenium nidus fern.
Japanese asplenium Nidus Fern is toxic to many insects, including Japanese moths and Japanese beetles. For this reason, the Japanese asplenium Nidus Fern can be an attractive plant for gardeners who want to keep their Japanese rose bushes safe from pests.
Steps to prune:
- Pinch Japanese asplenium leaves to encourage branching.
- Trim the roots for more room in the pot and because it will produce new aerial roots. Be sure not to trim too much off, however–this can kill your Japanese asplenium.
- Trim its aerial roots back if they are strangling other plants or becoming too long for the pot. In turn, this will encourage the Japanese asplenium to produce new aerial roots and spread out more in the soil.
- Cut Japanese asplenium stems back to the soil line when Japanese asplenium is flowering.
- Prune Japanese asplenium during warmer months for better light penetration, encourage branching and help Japanese asplenium thrive in a pot without becoming too large or leggy.
Propagation and Growth
Crispy Wave fern propagation should be done in the spring. The Japanese asplenium nidus ferns can produce spores that are carried by wind currents and settle on moist ground. These Japanese asplenium nidus fern spores will then grow into new plants with a root system similar to those of other vascular plants, such as mosses and vascular plants.
To encourage Japanese asplenium nidus ferns to produce spores, it is best to leave them in a location that receives the most sunlight possible during spring and summer months. This can be done by planting Japanese asplenium nidus near an eastern window or other areas of the house that receives a lot of morning or afternoon sun.
They should be repotted about once a year. If the plant outgrows its pot, or if it starts to look too root-bound (the roots are circling around and around inside the pot), then you should re-pot into a pot that is several inches larger than the previous one.
They prefer an open, loose soil mixture to help with drainage and avoid root rot when repotting. An ideal base for Japanese asplenium nidus fern would be equal parts of sand or peat moss (or even a soil-less potting mix) and perlite.
Japanese asplenium nidus fern can be placed into a Japanese ikebana flower arrangement, or in pots on the ground outside of the home for people who live in warmer climates.
A Japanese asplenium nidus fern can get some diseases, such as root rot and crown blight.
Root Rot: This generally happens when the environment is too wet for the Japanese asplenium nidus fern or if you don’t water it enough. It will show signs of leaf browning and black spots on the roots.
Crown Blight: This can happen if the Japanese asplenium nidus fern is getting too much sun or it’s not being watered enough, leading to the browning of leaves and plant stunting.
If the Japanese asplenium nidus fern gets diseased, it is important to take action right away. Start by cutting back on watering and reduce the amount of sunlight Japanese asplenium nidus fern receives for a few days until you can assess the problem. If the Japanese asplenium nidus fern does not show signs of improvement, it may be time to take the Japanese asplenium nidus fern out of its pot and cut off any dead parts.
Doing these care routines should keep Japanese asplenium nidus fern a happy plant!
Common Issues with Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern
- If the Japanese asplenium nidus fern is not getting enough light it will start to grow long and lanky.
- Needs moist soil, but do not overwater Japanese asplenium nidus fern because they are sensitive to too much moisture.
- Prune Japanese asplenium nidus fern to maintain the shape of Japanese asplenium nidus fern.
- Keep Japanese asplenium nidus away from any insects or pests that might harm it.
- In the wintertime, Japanese asplenium need a cooler place with less light and water so they can rest.
Japanese asplenium nidus fern is a great plant for beginners because it needs little care to stay alive and healthy.
Tips for Keeping Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern Happy
- Make sure the Japanese asplenium nidus fern is in a space with plenty of light.
- Water Japanese asplenum nidus fern when the soil becomes dry to touch but be careful not to overwater it or allow Japanese asplenium nidus fern to sit in standing water.
- Japanese asplenium nidus fern should be watered more often when the temperature is high outside and less frequently in winter months or when temperatures are very low.
- They like to have some humidity so try misting Japanese asplenum nidus fern with tepid water in the morning and evening.
- Japanese asplenium nidus fern likes a lot of air circulation so try to keep it away from doors, windows, or heaters.
- They can benefit from a light dusting of sulfur powder or lime if aphids are present on the plant. Sprinkle it evenly over the plant and wait a few days to see if they are gone.
Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern Frequently Asked Questions
How do you care for a Japanese Asplenium nidus Fern?
The Japanese asplenium nidus fern is a delicate, low-light plant. It needs indirect sunlight and high humidity to survive. The Japanese asplenium nidus fern prefers moist soil with added peat moss or coconut fibre for optimum growth.
Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern care is easy and relies on high humidity, indirect light, moist soil with peat moss or coconut fibre for optimum growth.
How big do Crispy wave ferns get?
Japanese asplenium nidus fern generally grows to be around 16 inches tall or more.
Is Japanese Asplenium nidus Fern toxic to cats?
Japanese Asplenium Nidus Fern is not toxic to cats.
How often do you water crispy wave ferns?
You should water Japanese asplenium nidus ferns about once every two to three weeks. If the soil is dry, you will also need to water your Japanese asplenium nidus fern more often than this; follow your gut and check on it if it seems like frequent watering might be needed.
Why is my fern crunchy?
If the Japanese asplenium nidus fern’s leaves are crunchy, it means that they have been damaged by intense light or heat. Find a more shady spot for your Japanese asplenium nidus fern and be conscious of how much sunlight is shining on its foliage.
The Japanese asplenium nidus fern is a beautiful and exotic plant, but it takes care to keep them alive. The best way to do this is by following the advice listed in this article. You will now have some basic knowledge on how to take care of your Japanese asplenium nidus fern.
If you’re looking to get this crispy wave fern for your home, get them here.